RedisGraph is a graph database built on Redis. Technically, it is a Redis module that extends graph database capabilities, including the property graph data model and graph query processing. RedisGraph exposes Cypher as its query language.

Graphs in RedisGraph are represented as sparse adjacency matrices. RedisGraph uses SuiteSparse, a package conforming GraphBLAS, a community-led project defining a linear algebraic interface for implementing graph algorithms, to represent sparse matrices.


RedisGraph was created in 2018. One of the first official presentations by Redis Labs was published on YouTube in the same year.

RedisGraph v.1.0, the earliest version on the website, was published in November 2018. Parallely, RedisGraph also released their benchmarking result on their system. Later, RedisGraph updated its benchmarking result according to TigerGraph's requests.

RedisGraph v.2.0 was released in January 2020 (2 years later) with a full-text search, more Cypher language coverages, and performance improvement. The performance improvement and Cypher coverages were described in their blog.



According to their source code, RedisGraph does not provide additional checkpointing/snapshotting methods over the original Redis. Please refer to Redis for more details.


Null Suppression

Graphs in RedisGraph can be stored in sparse representations supported by GraphBLAS.

According to the GraphBLAS v.2.0.0's document, it supports Compressed Sparse Row (CSR), Compressed Sparse Column (CSC), and Coordinate List (COO) to compress matrices. The key idea of all the sparse representations is to suppress zero/undefined values in matrices by storing only indices of non-zero elements.

Otherwise, there is no specific compression scheme for properties and attributes from both RedisGraph (according to their source code) and its original system, Redis.

Data Model


RedisGraph supports the property graph data model. Specifically, the data model defines nodes and edges. Nodes can have multiple labels, and edges can have a relationship type. Every node and edge can have multiple properties (i.e., attributes).

Foreign Keys

Not Supported

According to their source code, RedisGraph does not support any foreign key constraints.


Patricia/Radix Trie

RedisGraph provides maintaining full-text indexes for querying nodes or edges by texts.

Specifically, RedisGraph uses RediSearch, which is an open-source Redis module. RediSearch uses Trie (Prefix Tree) data structures.

Query Execution

Tuple-at-a-Time Model

Based on their implementation, RedisGraph uses the tuple-at-a-time model to process queries.

Graph-related operators are mainly implemented with GraphBLAS:SuiteSparse, a linear algebra package for implementing graph algorithms based on GraphBLAS. For example, the Conditional Traverse operator contains a breadth-first search traversal algorithm. The breadth-first search traversal algorithm uses matrix-matrix multiplication from GraphBLAS:SuiteSparse.

Some operators allow tuples to be batched before executing the operators' logic; for instance, the Conditional Traverse operator allows tuples to be batched before calling matrix-matrix multiplication.

Stored Procedures


RedisGraph allows users to provide their stored procedures written in C. Each stored procedure must be provided and registered before compiling the RedisGraph module.

The valid stored procedure must contain a stored procedure name, a number of input arguments, an output specification (i.e., output data types, output field names), and three main routines. The three main routines include Invoke, Step, and Free. Invoke will be called first after the stored procedure is called. Then, Step will be called multiple times to produce a result tuple per Step call. Finally, Free will be called to clean up allocated memory. Users may store the state of each procedure call using the private_data pointer shared across these routines.

RedisGraph Logo

Source Code

Tech Docs




Redis Ltd.

Country of Origin


Start Year


Project Type

Commercial, Open Source

Written in


Supported languages


Embeds / Uses


Operating Systems



Server Side Public License