BlazingSQL is a distributed GPU-accelerated SQL engine with data lake integration, where data lakes are huge quantities of raw data that are stored in a flat architecture. It is ACID-compliant. BlazingSQL targets ETL workloads and aims to perform efficient read IO and OLAP querying. BlazingDB refers to the company and BlazingSQL refers to the product. It is currently under active development with offices in San Franscisco and Peru.


BlazingSQL started as a GPU table joiner for multi-terabyte databases. The Aramburu brothers, Rodrigo and Felipe, founded a company in 2013 that provided analytical solutions and needed to speed up joins for pension fraud detection. It integrates with the open-source open GPU data science initiative, RAPIDS, which relies on NVIDIA GPUs.

The system is originally closed-source with a free community binary, but then became open-source in August 2019.

The company closed in 2021 and the team joined Voltron Data

Query Interface


BlazingSQL exposes a Python connector for executing SQL commands.


Virtual Views Materialized Views

BlazingSQL supports both virtual and materialized views. Materialized views are currently not persistent.

Concurrency Control

Not Supported

BlazingSQL does not write data. It reads directly from the data lake, loading it into GPU data frames that can be shared with other BlazingSQL worker nodes through interprocess communication. Worker nodes do not have to be on the same machine, they can utilize different machines and different GPUs. BlazingSQL handles concurrency for the generation of result sets. However, the user is responsible for ensuring that the data in the data lake is internally consistent and free of corruption when it is queried.


Not Supported

BlazingSQL does not write data.


Hash Join

BlazingSQL supports transformations and hash joins (left, left-outer, full-outer) on all the column types supported by Ordering, arithmetic, date transformations, predicates and group by operations are performed over vectors of data with GPU SIMD.

Storage Model

Decomposition Storage Model (Columnar)

BlazingSQL does not write data. It reads compressed data directly from the data lake and transmits relevant columns to the GPU. On the GPU, data is represented as a GPU DataFrame (GDF). GDFs are built on top of Apache Arrow, which is a columnar in-memory format.

Query Execution

Tuple-at-a-Time Model

BlazingSQL operations are vectorized on the GPU (SIMD).


Not Supported

BlazingSQL does not appear to support indexes.

Storage Architecture


BlazingSQL caches the data which is read from the data lake. The cache is cascading, storing data in GPU memory, GPU memory, and finally SSD/NVME.

Data Model


BlazingSQL is a relational database. It accepts multiple in-memory formats (e.g. Apache Parquet) and provides a SQL interface for querying the data.

System Architecture


BlazingSQL can utilize multiple GPUs distributed across different servers. BlazingSQL also has a distributed cache. Upon reading from the data lake, data is cached on the worker nodes. If a worker node A requests data that was recently read from the data lake by another worker node B, worker node B is able to push the desired data to worker node A.

Query Compilation

Code Generation JIT Compilation

BlazingSQL uses RAPIDS libraries, which themselves use NVIDIA's CUDA. CUDA has support for JIT and code generation.


Dictionary Encoding Delta Encoding Run-Length Encoding Bit Packing / Mostly Encoding

Historically, BlazingSQL supported compression and decompression on the GPU with bit-packing, delta encoding, dictionary encoding, and run-length encoding. This is currently disabled alongside its custom Simpatico file format. As of November 2018, it operates directly on Apache Parquet, CSV, and ORC. BlazingSQL does not currently write data and instead reads it from the data lake. It is able to operate directly on compressed data.

Hardware Acceleration


BlazingSQL is hardware-accelerated with NVIDIA GPUs. Relevant columnar data is compressed, cached and sent to the GPU. The GPUs are used to speed up transforms, predicates, running predicates while skipping metadata, and to perform accelerated joins. This is accomplished by hooking into the cu* libraries that are part of the RAPIDS initiative, which are themselves bindings around NVIDIA's CUDA libraries.

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Commercial, Open Source

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Apache v2, Proprietary