ObjectBox is an object-oriented DBMS library built for IoT and mobile devices. ObjectBox supports an extensive list of programming languages, including Java, C/C++, Go, Swift, Kotlin, and Python. Therefore, ObjectBox runs on multiple platforms: Linux, Windows, Mac/iOS, and Android. ObjectBox stores the objects directly, instead of storing data in relational DBs and accessing them through an ORM layer. It has full ACID compatibility, provides transaction semantics, and uses MVCC for concurrency control. ObjectBox was created by the same team that created greenDAO, an Android ORM library, so it also provides briding APIs for greenDAO users.


ObjectBox is presented by greenrobot. In 2011, They first created greenDAO, an Android ORM library that uses SQLite as backend. The team then decided to abandon the SQLite + ORM architecture for better performance and to build a NoSQL object-oriented DBMS from scratch, which is ObjectBox. ObjectBox is first in public beta release on 2017/1/24.

Query Interface

Custom API

ObjectBox provides builder APIs for creating queries. Created queries are reusable by setting different parameters.


Index Nested Loop Join

Joins in ObjectBox is implemented using relations stored in each object. Each object stores reference to the other object(s) in the relation, which is similar to index nested loop join.

Storage Model


Stored Procedures

Not Supported

The DB itself don't have stored procedures, but it can be implemented using functions in the corresponding programming language when run as an embedded database.



B+ tree based with 3 different options: value, 32 bit hash, 64 bit hash (hashes for string values only)

Storage Architecture


Low-level mmap approach taking care of OS in-memory caches and ACID compliant disk storage

Foreign Keys


Foreign keys are maintained by relations in each entity. There are 2 kinds of relations: ToOne and ToMany. By combining the type of the relation and the type of the reverse relation, the user can define one-to-one, one-to-many, and many-to-many relations.

Data Model


ObjectBox is object-oriented. Objects are stored directly without another layer of relational tables.

System Architecture


The DB runs on IoT and mobile devices and does not share disk or memory with other devices. However, the ObjectBox supports automatic synchronization of data with the backend server. When the server is unavailable (i.e. network failure), the synchronization will stop, and it is restored seamlessly when the server is available again.

Query Compilation

Not Supported

A query builder "compiles" query objects by setting up using code pointers that check criteria

Storage Organization

Copy-on-Write / Shadow Paging

ObjectBox Logo


Source Code


Tech Docs



ObjectBox Limited

Country of Origin


Start Year


Project Type

Commercial, Open Source

Written in

C, C++, Go, Java, Python, Swift

Supported languages

C, C++, Go, Java, Kotlin, Python, Swift

Embeds / Uses


Operating Systems

All OS with Java VM, Android, iOS, Linux, OS X, Windows


Apache v2